Fri, 03 Jun The current flooding mayhem isn't just happening in Europe - it's also hitting countries worldwide.
There were flood-related deaths. Floods can affect any area to some degree; wherever rain falls, flooding can occur. As water falls to the Earth in the form of rain or snow, it seeps into the ground. But if the ground is frozen or the surface impervious asphalt or concrete are two contenders or the soil is already saturated and cannot absorb the water faster than it falls from the sky, problems arise.
The only part of this home in Vicksburg Mississippi above water on May 13, was the roof. How quickly this happens depends on the strength of the precipitation and the slope of the land. Sometimes flooding causes deep water to move quickly, while other times, shallow water may linger, taking days to dissipate.
Types of flooding Overbank flooding: Sometimes the area covered is wide and flat; water tends to spread out and be slow-moving, and may not appear to travel at all. In mountainous areas, where water flows together through steep valleys, the flood water tends to move faster and linger for a shorter duration.
Waterfall created during the flood that rapidly formed Lake Canyon Gorge. Richard Sears Flash floods: Water from floods can take time to build up, allowing the population in an area time to be warned in advance.
But sometimes flooding occurs quickly. They are characterized by a rapid rise of fast-moving water. Water moving at 9 feet per second 2. Flash floods carry debris that elevate their potential to damage structures and injure people.
Meltwater flooding the Watson River in Greenland. Photo taken on July 12, In cold temperatures, bodies of water are often frozen. Heavy precipitation can cause chunks of ice to push together and create a dam in what is known as ice jam flooding.
Behind the dam, water begins to pile up, spilling over to the plains nearby. Eventually, the wall of ice breaks, and fast-moving water rushes downstream much like a conventional flash flood, destroying objects in its path.
The water carries huge chunks of ice, which can increase damage to surrounding structures. This type of flooding occurs along the edges of oceans, and is driven predominantly by storm surges and wave damage.
When low pressures occur in a storm over the ocean, they suck the water toward the center. As long as the eye is over deep water, problems are minimized, but as the storm moves toward land it carries a dome of water that can exceed 25 feet 7.
When the dome reaches the shoreline, it can cause significant damage.
At the same time, waves breaking along the shoreline assault beaches and structures, with destructive potential. A weakly constructed dam could receive a more substantive battering than it was designed for and give way, creating a flash flood in the regions downstream.
In case of emergency Fast- and slow-moving water can create significant problems for people who underestimate their power. Six inches of moving water can cause you to lose your balance and fall. The best plan is to avoid flood water when at all possible and to make for higher ground.
There are a number of things you can do to prepare for a flood and minimize damage.
Structures should not be built in a flood plain. Keep your furnace, water heater, and electric panel elevated, especially if you live in an area where flooding is likely.
Put together an emergency kit and make plans with your family — something that is ideal for any emergency situation, not just flooding.Emerson's Nature. The world proceeds from the same spirit as the body of man. It is a remoter and inferior incarnation of God, a projection of God in the unconscious.
4. The Effect Of Development On Flood Hazards in SA 5 5. The Effect Of The Economic Status Of People - Regarding Flood Hazards 6 6.
Conclusion 7 7. Bibliography 8 1. Introduction Floods play a major role in our everyday lives, and how we react to the daily changing climate is of course our way of surviving our planetary conditions.
The current flooding mayhem isn't just happening in Europe - it's also hitting countries worldwide.
Here's a compilation of the worst floodings from around the world: the US, Mexico, Russia, China, France, Germany, Belgium, Ukraine, and Romania. In terms of lives lost and property damaged, floods are just behind tornadoes as the top natural disaster.
In the United States, flood damages totaled $ billion in There were flood. Analysis of floods, including the tropical storm Irene inundation, of the Ottauquechee River in Woodstock, Bridgewater, and Killington and of Reservoir Brook in Bridgewater and Plymouth, Vermont (USGS SIR ).
A debate around the world is that nature is to blame for natural hazards while one section says that man causes or triggers these hazards by deforestation and pollution. In China, a flood affected the lives of million people and caused large scale devastation and the El Nino was cited as the main cause.