Rene Descartes stated that the nonphysical and the physical could not interact. These difficulties provided a motive for the move to popular substance dualism. The first major argument for substance dualism is religion. Each of the major religions place belief in life after death; that there is an immortal soul that will survive death.
What are the strengths and weaknesses of dualism? Dualism was a concept coined, but not originated, by Rene Descartes. The concept was that our mind is more than just our physical brain.
He did not originate the concept because the Bible teaches that we are more than our body and brains. It teaches that we have a separate mind, spirit, or soul.
However, if we reject the possibility of the supernatural, that preconception alone is the strongest evidence against dualism.
Strengths and Weaknesses of Dualism - Rational and scientific evidence for dualism: One argument is that the mental and physical realms have very different properties. Mental events have subjective qualities such as what does it feel like, what does it look like or what does it sound like. Sensations like these really cannot be reduced to something physical.
The existence of the science of psychology implies the existence of the mind. The psychology of materials is not rational.
Likewise the existence of the science of meteorology presupposes a mind that cares about the weather. There is no place in the brain where electric stimulation can cause a person to believe or decide.
Although our thoughts can be true or false our brain states cannot be true or false. Nobody can tell what we are thinking by measuring brain waves. We must be asked what we are thinking. Strengths and Weaknesses of Dualism - Rational and scientific evidence against dualism: One argument is the lack of any rational understanding of how any possible interaction could possibly take place between the brain and the mind.
This argument depends upon the presumption that the supernatural or another realm or dimension does not exist that could account for the interaction. Another argument is based upon what happens when the brain is damaged. When damage occurs from physical trauma, drug abuse, or pathological diseases our mental powers are always compromised.
The argument holds that if the brain and the mind were actually separate, our mental powers would not be comprised. This is a pretty good argument.
However, it also depends upon the presumption that the supernatural does not exist and that God does not have a reason for letting our brain limit our mental function while we are living.Spinoza's Argument for Substance Monism Words Jan 31st, 4 Pages Spinoza bases his argument in deductive reasoning, which requires the establishment of premises; in The Ethics, these premises come in the form of definitions and axioms.
This argument, which may potentially be run in favor of either priority pluralism or priority monism, begins with the idea that priority pluralism is connected to the modal claim of .
argument supports the claim that priority monism cannot account for the truth of certain judgements about parts of the world. The ontological argument supports the claim that priority monism cannot account for the ontological grounds of certain parts of the world (macrophysical objects).
My definition of dualism is that there are two (hence “dualism”) basic kinds of entities in the universe - the material and the immaterial.
Monism admits to only one: the physical. The physical world is simpler, the immaterial world much trickier. Arguments for Dualism. One prominent contemporary argument for dualism starts with the premise that you have a special ways of knowing about your own mental states.
An Argument for Intrinsic Value Monism Ole Martin Moen1 Received: 5 August /Accepted: 18 August / Published online: 1 September # Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht Abstract In this paper I argue that there is only one intrinsic value (i.e.
intrinsic value monism).