Secondary prevention is a term used to describe interventions that aim to prevent repeat cardiac events and death in people with established CHD.
High blood pressure High amounts of sugar in the blood due to insulin resistance or diabetes Plaque may begin to build up where the arteries are damaged. Over time, plaque hardens and narrows the arteries. Eventually, an area of plaque can rupture break open.
|Explore Everyday Health||Dietary[ edit ] The relation between dietary fat and atherosclerosis is controversial.|
|Content - Health Encyclopedia - University of Rochester Medical Center||Atherosclerosis treatment Atherosclerosis Atherosclerosis refers to the formation inside the arteries of fatty deposits called plaque, which can block blood flow.|
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|What is atherosclerosis?||The American Heart Association estimates that over 17 million Americans suffer from heart disease. Both atherosclerosis and atherosclerotic vascular calcifications show how the body responds to both the genetic and lifestyle factors which define your risk.|
|Atherosclerosis||Prevention Through the Ages No matter your age, try these steps to prevent hardening of the arteries.|
They may clump together to form blood clots. Clots narrow the arteries even more, limiting the flow of oxygen-rich blood to your body. Depending on which arteries are affected, blood clots can worsen angina chest pain or cause a heart attack or stroke. Researchers continue to look for the causes of atherosclerosis.
They hope to find answers to questions such as: Why and how do the arteries become damaged? How does plaque develop and change over time?
Why does plaque rupture and lead to blood clots? Risk Factors The exact cause of atherosclerosis isn't known. However, certain traits, conditions, or habits may raise your risk for the disease.
These conditions are known as risk factors.
The more risk factors you have, the more likely it is that you'll develop atherosclerosis. You can control most risk factors and help prevent or delay atherosclerosis. Other risk factors can't be controlled.
Major Risk Factors Unhealthy blood cholesterol levels. This includes high LDL cholesterol sometimes called "bad" cholesterol and low HDL cholesterol sometimes called "good" cholesterol.
The mmHg is millimeters of mercury—the units used to measure blood pressure. Smoking can damage and tighten blood vessels, raise cholesterol levels, and raise blood pressure.
Smoking also doesn't allow enough oxygen to reach the body's tissues. This condition occurs if the body can't use its insulin properly. Insulin is a hormone that helps move blood sugar into cells where it's used as an energy source.
Insulin resistance may lead to diabetes. With this disease, the body's blood sugar level is too high because the body doesn't make enough insulin or doesn't use its insulin properly.
The terms "overweight" and "obesity" refer to body weight that's greater than what is considered healthy for a certain height. Lack of physical activity. A lack of physical activity can worsen other risk factors for atherosclerosis, such as unhealthy blood cholesterol levels, high blood pressure, diabetes, and overweight and obesity.
An unhealthy diet can raise your risk for atherosclerosis. Foods that are high in saturated and trans fats, cholesterol, sodium saltand sugar can worsen other atherosclerosis risk factors.
As you get older, your risk for atherosclerosis increases. Genetic or lifestyle factors cause plaque to build up in your arteries as you age. By the time you're middle-aged or older, enough plaque has built up to cause signs or symptoms.
In men, the risk increases after age In women, the risk increases after age Family history of early heart disease.In these studies, risk factors mattered: young people with obesity, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, or who smoked had more-advanced early atherosclerosis.
Atherosclerosis is a type of arteriosclerosis. The American Heart Association explains how atherosclerosis starts, how atherosclerosis is affected by high cholesterol levels, high blood pressure and smoking, blood clots and thickened artery walls.
Atherosclerosis is a disease in which the inside of an artery narrows due to the build up of plaque. Initially, there are generally no symptoms. When severe, it can result in coronary artery disease, stroke, peripheral artery disease, or kidney problems, depending on which arteries are affected.
Symptoms, if they occur, generally do not begin until middle age. Atherosclerosis: Prevention Through the Ages.
Toss in a salad, and you're well on your way to reducing your atherosclerosis risk. Cut back on the red meat, as well.
Keep meat portions small. These risks increase chances for negative symptoms of the disorder, such as angina, shortness of breath, trouble speaking, kidney failure, and more serious signs, like heart attack or stroke.
Atherosclerosis Prevention. Atherosclerosis risk factors and prevention. Problems from atherosclerosis are more common among men and seniors. Hereditary factors also play an important role in the development of atherosclerosis.
These factors are unfortunately not modifiable. There are risk factors that you can work on. The main modifiable factors for atherosclerosis are.