If an entry does not have a byline, begin the reference with the entry title and publication date.
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APA American Psychological Association style is most commonly used to cite sources within the social sciences. For more information, please consult the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 6th ed. Your reference list should appear at the end of your paper.
It provides the information necessary for a reader to locate and retrieve any source you cite in the body of the paper. Each source you cite in the paper must appear in your reference list; likewise, each entry in the reference list must be cited in your text.
Your references should begin on a new page separate from the text of the essay; label this page "References" centered at the top of the page do NOT bold, underline, or use quotation marks for the title. All text should be double-spaced just like the rest of your essay. Basic Rules All lines after the first line of each entry in your reference list should be indented one-half inch from the left margin.
This is called hanging indentation. Authors' names are inverted last name first ; give the last name and initials for all authors of a particular work for up to and including seven authors. If the work has more than seven authors, list the first six authors and then use ellipses after the sixth author's name.
After the ellipses, list the last author's name of the work. Reference list entries should be alphabetized by the last name of the first author of each work.
For multiple articles by the same author, or authors listed in the same order, list the entries in chronological order, from earliest to most recent. Present the journal title in full. Maintain the punctuation and capitalization that is used by the journal in its title.
Capitalize all major words in journal titles. When referring to books, chapters, articles, or webpages, capitalize only the first letter of the first word of a title and subtitle, the first word after a colon or a dash in the title, and proper nouns. Italicize titles of longer works such as books and journals.
Do not italicize, underline, or put quotes around the titles of shorter works such as journal articles or essays in edited collections. While the APA manual provides many examples of how to cite common types of sources, it does not provide rules on how to cite all types of sources.
Therefore, if you have a source that APA does not include, APA suggests that you find the example that is most similar to your source and use that format. For more information, see page of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 6th ed.Summary: APA (American Psychological Association) style is most commonly used to cite sources within the social sciences.
This resource, revised according to the 6 th edition, second printing of the APA manual, offers examples for the general format of APA research papers, in-text citations, endnotes/footnotes, and the reference page.
For more information, please consult the Publication . Citation Machine™ helps students and professionals properly credit the information that they use. Cite your journal article in American Psychological Association 6th edition format for free.
Corrections to the First Printing of the Publication Manual. of the American Psychological Association, Sixth Edition (July ) We would like to take this opportunity to thank everyone who has written to APA .
(Informally Published or Self-archived Work, Manual, p. ) Individual web page. Since web pages and documents are similar to print, references to them include the same elements such as author, date, title, etc. Note that proper names and acronyms are capitalized.
American Psychological Association or APA style is widely accepted in the Social Sciences. This guide is based on the 6th edition of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association located in 1North Course Reserves at the User Services Desk: BF P83 Corresponding sections in the Publication Manual are noted in square brackets [ ] in this guide.
A guide to help users create citations using APA (American Psychological Association) style, 6th edition.