Welcome Adult Detention Center The adult detention center has a staff of 65 full-time positions, which include administrative and security personnel.
The Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act called for a "deinstitutionalization" of juvenile delinquents.
The act required that states holding youth within adult prisons for status offenses remove them within a span of two years this timeframe was adjusted over time. Through reauthorization amendments, additional programs have been added to the original Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act.
The following list highlights a few of these additions: Types of incarceration[ edit ] Mount Meigs Campus in Mount Meigsunincorporated Montgomery CountyAlabamaof the Alabama Department of Youth Services Some inmates of the juvenile system are or were "status offenders", children who committed acts that are not crimes for adults, but can get juveniles in trouble with the law.
This is true of the majority of criminal justice reform policies in the past couple decades, including California's infamous Three Strikes Law. Reforms in criminal justice reforms, and juvenile justice in particular, are often fought in the court of public opinion.
The popular news media plays a crucial role in promoting the myth of a new generation of young "super-predators" threatening the public. Youth's Needs and Services", used data from more than 7, youth in custody gathered during interviews. The report's findings include: The report noted a significant gap between the profiles of boys and girls, with girls often reporting more pronounced difficulties: Facilities that treat such youth also were shown to be inadequate in some core areas, according to the Justice Department.
Many youth in custody reported having attention problems and difficulties in school.
They hold that the juvenile justice system is unjust, ineffective, and counter-productive in terms of fulfilling the promise of the prison system, namely the protection of the public from violent offenders. Criticisms of racism[ edit ] Critics of the juvenile justice system believe that the system is unfairly stacked against minority youth.
Minority youth are disproportionately represented in incarcerated populations relative to their representation in the general population. A recent report from the National Council on Crime and delinquency found that minority youth are treated more severely than white youth at every point of contact with the system—from arrest, to detentionto adjudicationto incarceration —even when charged with the same crime.
Minority youth tried in adult courts are much more likely to be sentenced to serve prison time than white youth offenders arrested for similar crimes. Young people in these environments are subject to brutal violence from their peers as well as staff, who are often overworked, underpaid and under stress.
The violence that incarcerated youth experience—fights, stabbings, rapes —is well known to those who work in the criminal justice system, and those who oppose it.
Social scientists call the phenomenon "peer delinquency training", and have found significantly higher levels of substance abuseschool difficulties, delinquency, violence, and adjustment difficulties in adulthood for offenders detained in congregated settings versus those that were offered treatment in another setting.
According to detention center administrators who testified to United States Congress in a Special Investigation by the House of Representativesmany incarcerated youths could have avoided incarceration had they received mental health treatment.
A recent report indicated that for up to one-third of incarcerated youth suffering from depressionthe onset of depression occurred after their transfer to a detention center. Researchers have found that incarcerated youth engage in self-injurious behaviors at a rate two to four times higher than the general youth population.
Among those that do re-enroll, between two-thirds to three-quarters drop out within a year. Not only does this pose a serious threat to the ex-offender's well-being—high school drop-outs face high unemployment, poor health, shorter life spansand low income—it also poses a threat to public safety.
According to the United States Department of Educationhigh school drop-outs are 3. On average youth that have spent any amount of time in a youth detention facility work 3—5 weeks less than the average employee over the course of a year.
Their interrupted education makes them less competitive, and their experience of incarceration may change them into less stable employees. This lack of success in the workplace is a threat to personal well-being as well as to communities whose youth are incarcerated in large numbers, such as African Americans.
The relationship between detention of young offenders and the rate of overall youth criminality is not evident.
A study of the Federal Bureau of Investigation 's arrest data for the s reveals that the rise in detention was unrelated to crime rates.
That is, detention as a tactic of controlling young offenders has little to nothing to do with the rate of crime or the "threat" that youth pose to the public. But those that are detained or imprisoned are less likely to grow out of their delinquency than those that are not.
Criminologists recognize a natural process of desistance called "aging out" of delinquency, through which a person desists their delinquent behavior through maturation and experience. Detaining or incarcerating youth can interrupt or slow down the aging out process, resulting in a longer period of delinquency.
As the country grapples with the impact of a growing recession, a cost-benefit analysis of our criminal justice system is especially germane. The cost effectiveness of detention and incarceration scores very low compared with alternative approaches to youth delinquency in a cost-benefit analysis.
The movement to end youth incarceration[ edit ] The movement to reduce and end youth incarceration is a widespread collection of thousands of activists, lawyers, community organizerseducators, artists, and youth working on specific legislative and localized initiatives.3 • a "spotting system" that enables your certified instructors to teach the physical restraint components to your direct care staff safely The Handle With Care System is fully documented in our Participant Manual, Instructor Manual and Instructor Video, which are included with the training.
View Programs and Services. About the JDRC Judges & Staff Court Services Adult Unit Intake Unit Juvenile Unit Assistance with Protective Orders Budget & Annual Reports.
Parents, relatives and other interested parties can file petitions asking a judge to determine who will have Custody of a child and determine Visitation. “With the depopulation, the safe reduction of using [detention] centers for kids, it is a lot easier to do right by the kids in a bed detention center that has 20 kids in it, than one that has 90 kids in it,” Balis says.
(a) To increase public safety by reducing juvenile delinquency through effective prevention, intervention, and treatment services that strengthen and reform the lives of children.
Sec. 46bh. Goals of juvenile justice system. It is the intent of the General Assembly that the juvenile justice system provide individualized supervision, care, accountability and treatment in a manner consistent with public safety to those juveniles who violate the law.