Public participation as participatory conflict resolution Shortcomings and best practices at the local level in South Africa By 2 Dec Abstract In South Africa the constitutional order brought about by the transition to democracy, and the subsequent policy and legislation frameworks, have enabled ordinary people to participate in governance and policy making.
Email 8 December South Africa in Africa: And debates about these issues, which predated the formal transition ofremain crucially important.
How should — and how do — the various domestic constituencies relate to the rest of the continent? And what are the perceptions and impacts of a rapidly spreading South African influence throughout Africa?
Government and business are, of course, key players here, but relationships have also been influenced by internal policies such as Black Economic Empowerment BEE.
The often heady mixture of fact and myth about the Truth and Reconciliation Commission TRC and the transition from apartheid have proved a quite potent force. These factors could also determine to a large degree the manner and direction of the continental future.
As this collection of 13 essays makes clear, there are no easy answers. However, as the editors — they also each contribute an essay — point out: This they do, admirably, fleshing out many of the debates that surfaced a decade ago in South Africa and Africa: That volume was edited by the Nigerian academic and regional integration proponent, Adebayo Adedeji.
Here he contributes the opening essay, outlining the political and economic context, "looking inside from the outside". Adedji argues persuasively that South Africa has "not chosen the path of socio-economic transformation"; that the economic and consequent social divisions of the apartheid past have, if anything, become further entrenched.
The only weakness — and it does not have a direct bearing on his argument — is the simple equation of "communism" with the Soviet Union without any further explanation or definition. But the case that Adedji makes for the "neo-liberal paradigm" being to the detriment of African transformation and development seems unanswerable.
This thought-provoking essay is followed by what is, essentially, an apologia for the present system in an essay on the myths and realities of BEE. This raises very clearly once again, the role of business and the relationship with government. As she notes, the involvement with the rest of Africa is still evolving and a future as a potentially hegemonic partner "will not be an easy role".
In military and regional security terms, government may be able to manage this dual role of being, by historic and geographic consequence, a big brother and would-be equal partner. When it comes to business, it is a different matter as Khabele Matlosa and Judi Hudson respectively, spell out.
However, Hudson fails to acknowledge — as do almost all writers on international economics — that the world is dealing not with a problem of shortages, but one of gluts; that the development of the micro processor has created a productive revolution that the world has yet to come to terms with.
Africa, no more than any other region on earth, is not immune. To talk, therefore, of encouraging inter-regional trade as a means of development without analysing the effects of international surpluses — and consequent price cutting and dumping — is problematic.
But this does not in any way undermine the argument for greater regional and continental ties. How that other sub-Saharan giant, Nigeria, fits into this equation is the subject dealt with clearly and concisely by Adekeye Adebajo, the executive director of the Centre for Conflict Resolution, attached to the University of Cape Town.
There are also informative essays on relations with the Lusophone states and, very importantly, with north Africa and the Horn. However, Iqbal Jhazbhay could, perhaps, have shown clearly how the far from democratically established Arta transitional government in Somalia came into being.Units 3 through 7 contain the greatest wealth of material, focusing on apartheid (Unit 3), the struggle against apartheid (Units 4 and 5), negotiations (Unit 6), and the Truth and Reconciliation Commission (Unit 7).
All resources can be accessed from these units. Also, a full list of Units, Essays, and Multimedia Pages appears in Contents.
The new democratic dispensation posed new challenges and new opportunities in the conflict resolution arena. One year in, by April , I had decided to move on from IMSSA.
The organisation had grown exponentially. It had . Yet South Africa's gory tableau of nonpolitical violence forms the necessary backdrop against which to analyze the political kind.
Black-on-black violence is, in one sense, nothing more than a cruel legacy of the apartheid system—the predictable result of forced expulsions of blacks from traditional lands, poverty, illiteracy, unemployment and . 30 January, The General Assembly of the United Nations adopted resolution (XI) on apartheid by 56 votes to 5, with 12 abstentions.
26 November, The General Assembly adopted resolution (XII) on apartheid by 59 votes to 6, with 14 ashio-midori.comlia, Belgium and UK . Jul 28, · As a South-African living the reality of the post-apartheid, conflict resolution as described by Hauss, it made for great hindsight reading.
As he predicted, the implementation of the resolution came at the expense of the white minority group/5. Apr 06, · Apartheid In South Africa APARTHEID Apartheid is the political policy of racial segregation.
In Afrikaans, it means apartness, and it was pioneered in by the South African National Party when it came to power.