Previously considered a peripheral issue by most Civil War historians erroneously soreligion reemerged as a significant interpretive element of the Civil War experience with the publication of Religion and the American Civil Wara collection of essays edited by Randall M.
Historiography of religion Save The historiography of religion is how historians have studied religion in terms of themes, sources and conflicting ideas. Historians typically focus on one particular topic in the overall history of religions - in terms of geographical area or of theological tradition.
Historians for centuries focused on the theological developments of their own religious heritage. Social scientists in the 19th century took a strong interest in "primitive" and comparative religion.
In the 20th century the field focused mostly on theology and on church organization and development. Since the s the social history approach to religious behavior and belief has become important. Until the s, historians focused their attention largely on the great leaders and theologians of the sixteenth century, especially Luther, Calvin, and Zwingli.
Their ideas were studied in depth. However, the rise of the new social history in the s look at history from the bottom up, not from the top down.
Historians began to concentrate on the values, beliefs and behavior of the people at large.
She finds, "in contemporary scholarship, the Reformation is now seen as a vast cultural upheaval, a social and popular movement, textured and rich because of its diversity.
They emphasized the need for more neutrality, with the goal of understanding history as it actually happened, rather than promoting or defending ones theological heritage. Schaff, deeply schooled in the German tradition, relocated to the United States in His History of the Christian Church 7 vols.
He demonstrated how to integrate liturgical developments.
He also introduced European scholars to American religion, arguing that American sectarianism, with all its faults, was preferable to European church-statism. It had a major impact in England and North America, where it affected the Methodist movement and a series of revival outbursts known as the Great Awakening in the U.
It involved an intense internal focus on sin and salvation through Christ, and in the form of evangelicalismremains a powerful force in Protestantism into the 21st century. Pietism emphasize the value of revivals, leading to the born-again experience, and inspired its followers to set high moralistic standards for public behavior, as in such areas as opposition to alcohol and slavery.
The Protestants sponsored voluntary charitable and religious societies, including overseas missions throughout the empire, setting up Sunday Schools, founding charity schools, distributing Bibles and devotional literature, creating and emphasizing hymns and communal singing, and setting up revivals.
For example, there are a far more Anglicans in Nigeria today, that in Great Britain.The "history of religions" school sought to account for this religious diversity by connecting it with the social and economic situation of a particular group.
"Everywhere and Nowhere: Recent Trends in American Religious History and Historiography," Journal of the American Academy of Religion, March , Vol.
78#1 pp –; Wilson. Kevin M. Schultz and Paul Harvey, “Everywhere and Nowhere: Recent Trends in American Religious History and Historiography,” Journal of the American Academy of Religion (). Thomas Tweed, “Expanding the Study of U.S. Religion: Reflections on the State of the Subfield,” Religion ().
The historiography of religion is how historians have studied religion in terms of themes, sources and conflicting ideas. Historians typically focus on one particular topic in the overall history of religions - in terms of geographical area or of theological tradition.
Historiography: Historiography, the writing of history, especially the writing of history based on the critical examination of sources, the selection of particular details from the authentic materials in those sources, and the synthesis of those details into a narrative that stands the test of critical.
Modern historians have approached the theme of religion and the Civil War in at least seven distinct, albeit sometimes overlapping, subcategories: 1) Religion in general during the Civil War, 2) Northern religion and the Civil War, 3) Southern religion and the Civil War, 4) Religion among the soldiers, 5) Civil War chaplains, 6) African-American religion and the Civil War, 7) Women and religion during the Civil .
The "history of religions" school sought to account for this religious diversity by connecting it with the social and economic situation of a particular group. Historiography of religion; Religion and politics; Harvey, Paul.
"Everywhere and Nowhere: Recent Trends in American Religious History and Historiography," Journal of the American.