The origins and history of the use of anabolic steroids in sports

Early history[ edit ] The earliest mention of baseball in the U. But baseball executive Albert Spalding disagreed. Baseball, said Spalding, was fundamentally an American sport and began on American soil.

The origins and history of the use of anabolic steroids in sports

The fact of the matter is that anabolic steroids are very natural products of the human body, and the use of anabolic steroids for any purpose is simply the act of inserting more of what our bodies already produce inside of us. With this being said, the origins of anabolic steroids and their use for the purposes of performance enhancement date back into antiquity.

The major mainstream and widespread use of anabolic steroids — including the development of countless variants and analogues — has only existed since approximately years ago, at the beginning of the 20th century. Although the actual use of anabolic steroids can be traced back several thousand years ago in antiquity, it was not until the modern period of the 19th and 20th centuries that anabolic steroids begun to be fully understood, slowly but surely over this year period.

However, it was not understood how or why this was exactly the case until the modern period around the 19th century. Prior to this period, it was simply understood that the testicles were a crucial component for these factors.

This sculpture was drawn in long before anyone heard of steroids! Back then, guys like this got big and lean naturally! This photo along with this caption could not be any further from the truth! The use of the anabolic steroid Testosterone, which is produced by the testes, can be dated back as far as BC and perhaps thousands of years prior where the ancient Greek Olympic athletes and competitors would consume the testes of sheep and bulls in large quantities.

Unbeknownst to these athletes, they were actually orally ingesting large amounts of the anabolic steroid Testosterone contained within — of course, this was not understood by those athletes consuming the testicles, and the athletes simply recognized there was a correlation between the consumption of animal testicles and an increase in strength and performance.

Ancient athletes indeed did consume anabolic steroids — it was just not properly understood as to what exactly they were doing or why it resulted in the changes experienced. Because it has been known that the testicles play a key role in the maintenance and development of everything related to male masculine characteristics, in the mid-late 16th century it was understood that castration resulted in the disappearance of these male characteristics including muscle and strength.

Therefore, castration became a practice beginning in 16th century Italy where young boys prior to puberty or in the early stages of puberty would undergo castration in order to achieve a high pitched soprano singing voice in the opera.

These castrated individuals who performed in the opera were known as Castrati plural for Castrato. Once again, the function of the testicles in the development of the male secondary sex characteristic of a deepened voice was unknown to these people during this time period, but it was understood that the testicles played a key role here and that the removal of them prevented male development.

It was during this time period that the first major discoveries concerning Testosterone and its other related androgens such as Dihydrotestosteroneetc. Various animal experiments at this time were conducted and published that could be described in simple terms as trial and error experiments.

These experiments involved the removal of testicles from various animal test subjects and the re-application of them, and the various changes that resulted from these experiments were observed.

These experiments allowed scientists and the medical establishment to finally garner a more complete understanding of the role that the testicles play in the development and maintenance of the male species of animals.

This is essentially where the origins of the study of hormones began, which is known in the medical field as Endocrinology. One key doctor who conducted many of these experiments was a doctor and zoologist by the name of Arnold Adolph Berthold in Germany, who conducted these experiments on birds and chickens.

Without these experiments, it may not have been possible for the further discovery and development of anabolic steroids to have occurred. Toward the beginning of the 20th century in the late s and s, the very first discovery and isolations of androgens had occurred through the filtration of urine samples to locate and isolate hormones, or from extraction directly from the testicles.

It was from this that the very first although extremely basic hormonal injection preparations were developed, but it would not be until a short time later that the real full-scale research and development of anabolic steroids would be underway.

Advertisement It is important to note, however, that the body contains several different androgenic hormones in addition to the commonly known Testosterone and Dihydrotestosterone.

The origins and history of the use of anabolic steroids in sports

Because of the wide array of hormones where the testes are concerned, the discovery and isolation of androgens does not necessarily refer to the discovery and isolation of Testosterone itself.

It may refer to a precursor hormone or a very androgenic hormone extremely similar to Testosterone but used for a different function, such as Androstenone, which was discovered and isolated before Testosterone had been. The Beginning of the Modern Age of Anabolic Steroids It was during the early portion of the 20th century during the s where some of the most major discoveries concerning Testosterone and various anabolic steroids took place.

Ina chemist in Marburg, Germany by the name of Adolf Butenandt isolated 15 milligrams of the androgen Androstenone from massive amounts of urine samples. It was then synthesized in by a chemist by the name of Leopold Ruzicka, also a German scientist.Statements promoting sports by Popes and Vatican offices.

Pope Francis: Soccer Champions Must Be Good Role Models. 16/05/ (Vatican Radio) Pope Francis has urged football champions to be models of loyalty, honesty, harmony and humanity..

Speaking to football players, coaches and staff of the Italian football teams, Juventus and Lazio, who are about to dispute the final game of the national. History of Anabolic-Androgenic Steroid Use in Competitive Sports and Medicine The primary use of anabolic-androgenic steroids is in replacement therapy for male hypogonadism; other medical uses of anabolic-androgenic steroids include growth promotion in various forms of stunted growth, osteoporosis, mammary carcinoma, .

Compiled by Andrea L. Mitchell, SALIS: Substance Abuse Librarians and Information Specialists. Email: [email protected] Addiction publishes new book lists five times per year, both in print and on this website.

Items are alphabetised by author within each list. Anabolic steroids did not receive a worldwide audience until the 20th century but the use of pure testosterone can be traced back to the original Olympic Games; keep in mind, it is the hormone testosterone for which all anabolic steroids owe their foundation.

In competitive sports, doping is the use of banned athletic performance-enhancing drugs by athletic competitors.

January 2018

The term doping is widely used by organizations that regulate sporting competitions. The use of drugs to enhance performance is considered unethical, and therefore prohibited, by most international sports organizations, including the International Olympic Committee. An advanced anatomy course developed for people wishing to develop a career in health and human sciences, paramedical jobs and alternative therapists, specially massage therapists and other health care professions working in close contact with the patients body.

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